Infertility is a term used for women who are not able to get pregnant and men who are unable to make a woman pregnant, after at least one year of trying. Women can also called infertile, if they are able to get pregnant but cannot carry an embryo to birth. World fertility rates are increasing year by year. The causes of infertility can be many. It can be an unknown factor or combination of factors. The problem can be in women or in men. Sometimes both have the problem due to various reasons. In some cases, genetic conditions, environmental factors and other health problems cause infertility. Infertility has been growing by 12%-17% every year.
Infertility in Men.
Male infertility can result from physical problems like lack of enough
normal sperms in testes for reproduction, hormonal problems, lifestyle
and environmental factors like stress, age, exposure of testes to high
temperatures, wearing tight underwear, smoking, alcohol consumption,
certain medications, environmental toxins and genetic conditions.
Infertility in Women.
In women problems with ovulation is one of the main causes of infertility. Premature ovarian failure and Polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS)
are the common reasons affecting ovulation. In premature ovarian
failure the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause and in
PCOS, the ovaries may not release egg regularly or may not release a
viable healthy egg. In women who got PCOS, even when a healthy egg is
released and fertilized, the uterus may reject the implantation of the
fertilized egg, resulting in infertility. Pelvic inflammatory disease,
blocked fallopian tubes due to endometriosis, or surgery, physical
problems with the uterine wall and uterine fibroids can also result in
Age is also a growing cause of infertility in women.
Most of them are getting married in their 30's. As age increases the
woman's ovaries become less able to release eggs and the eggs become
less healthier. The chances of miscarriage also increases with age.
and environmental factors like stress, poor diet, obesity or
underweight, smoking, drugs, alcohol, certain medications, genetic
conditions and other sexually related diseases can also play a leading
role in women infertility.
Is There a Connection Between Stress and Infertility?
There are various studies going on to find out the effects of stress
on male and female infertility. The researches in men and women, who are
experiencing stress continuously from various fields like working
stress, family stress etc showed similar results. The men are found to
had some type of sperm deficiency(like less sperm count and motility)
and in women undergoing pregnancy treatment and experiencing lot of
stress had less amount of fertilized eggs than women with less stress.
of theories are existing about the impact of stress on male and female
fertility. If people are experiencing stress, then the chance of
starting bad habits like smoking, alcohol, drugs, poor eating habits etc
are high. These bad habits got clear effects on the fertility levels.
Even high stress levels can cause irregular menstruation and suppression
of menstrual cycle. Any way the relationship between stress and
infertility is still poorly understood.
Effective Ways to Treat Infertility.
Medication and surgery are the most common ways of treating infertility. Artificial insemination and Assisted Reproductive Technologies are also popular now a days.
is achieved by injecting in woman carefully prepared sperm from the
husband, partner or donor and is the most effective way to treat
ART(Assisted Reproductive Technologies)
This is a new option were a group of different methods are used to
treat infertile couple. In this an egg has been taken from woman's body
and are put in a dish along with man's sperm under lab conditions for
fertilization. After some days the healthy embryos obtained are
implanted in the women's uterus.
In Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is
another type of ART and is used in couple who got problems with sperm.
Here a single sperm is injected into a mature egg and the embryo is then
implanted into the uterus.
Does stress cause Infertility?
Does infertility cause stress or does stress cause infertility? The
relation between them is really a complex one. Please share your
valuable opinion on comment section.